Significance of Republic Day
As we are Celebrating 70th Republic Day in coming few days, I would take the pleasure and pride to focus on the significance of this day.
“Republic Day”, observed as a gazetted holiday all over India on January 26 every year. National, state and local government offices are closed on this date. A Republic Day in several countries is the name to honour the day when they became republics. It is also known by the names like National Day or Proclamation Day. But in a real manner, it is not just a holiday to sit back and enjoy; rather it is the day of pride and it is the proud duty of each of us to make our children aware of the real meaning of being a republic. This is not an ordinary day to call off all the working and relax at your place, rather this is an auspicious day for us, for our country, for our nation to celebrate our freedom, our victory, our nationalism.
History of the Republic Day
India being ruled by British raj for almost a decade, Indians witnessed the very first sun rays of independence on 15 August 1947 following the Indian independence movement noted for largely peaceful nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience led by the Indian National Congress. The independence came through the Indian Independence Act 1947 (10 & 11 Geo 6 c. 30), an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that partitioned British India into the two new independent Dominions of the British Commonwealth: India and Pakistan.
On 28 August 1947, the Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution, with Dr B. R. Ambedkar as chairman. The committee then prepared a draft constitution and submitted to the Assembly on 4 November 1947. All the proceedings were done in several public sessions, that took over a scattered period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days; in total 166 days. With many modifications and deliberations, the Assembly of 308 members signed Hindi and English version of hand-written copies of the document on 24 January 1950. Two days later, it was adopted on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system throughout the nation. The day was also significant as it was this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence was passed.
Celebrations of the Day
Republic day celebration as its name is also a matter of pride and it takes an immense pleasure to make every year’s celebration an impact and unique from the preceding one. Republic Day represents the true spirit of independent India. A lot of effort is put together for organizing the prestigious events and celebrations for the Republic Day in India. Large military parades are held in New Delhi and the state capitals. Indian Army, Navy and Air Force assign their representatives for march pass. Several traditional dance troupes from all over India take part in the parades.
The celebrations start with India’s prime minister paying tribute for remembering the soldiers who sacrificed their lives for their country by laying a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate. A grand parade is held then in New Delhi and the event starts. India’s president takes the military salute during the parade in New Delhi at the Rajpath while state governors take the military salutes in state capitals.
A foreign head of state is the president’s chief guest on Republic Day. Many national and local cultural programs based on the history and culture of India is organized during the celebration. Special programs for children are incorporated including dancing and singing patriotic songs and many children receive gifts of sweets or toys during the program. Several bravery awards and medals are given to the people from the armed forces and civilians.
Also, Read Happy Republic Day 2019 Images
Armed forces embrace the audience by showering rose petals from helicopters. Armed Forces personnel also showcase motorcycle rides. The parade concludes with a “fly past” by the Indian Air Force, which involves fighter planes of flying past the dais, symbolically saluting the president. These leave trails of smoke in the colours of the Indian flag. The complete atmosphere gets totally filled with Indian culture and tricolour.